The grouping of some 6,000 migrants in poor conditions in the city of Tijuana (where many now sleep on the street) has by now led to the outbreak of various diseases. The Tijuana health authorities confirm that tuberculosis, chicken pox and lice are now rampant among the Central Americans.
Miguel Angel Luna Biffano, who works as a health volunteer with the Nazarene Church Compassion Ministries, admits that the spreading of diseases is now rife: "The overcrowding here causes them to get into places where they shouldn't like under the bleachers" where it's filthy, Luna said.
"There's overcrowding and very few hygiene norms. ... With the water and the cold there are going to be too many infections, a lot of fevers. There is going to be a need for antibiotics."
"If we let this garbage pile up, it will make us sicker than we already are," the 19-year-old Honduran said. "There are a lot of us who are already infected with cough, colds. ... If we let the garbage pile up it will put the children at risk, and all of us here."
The incoming Mexican President-elect Manuel Obrador, whose administration will be sworn in this weekend, therefore faces an immediate immigration crisis at the southern border and will have to negotiate with the White House administration of President Trump to at least find a temporary solution.
Related coverage: Does Shock Tijuana Invasion Provide Valuable Argument For Trump’s ‘Wall’?
However, President Trump's continuing tough rhetoric and US immigration 'metering' the number of asylum applications to between 40 and 80 cases per day, the reality of having to spend weeks or even months camped out on blankets and rags is hitting home with many of the Central Americans.
Furthermore, the fact that 500 of them tried to storm the border last week to gain entry by themselves did not help.
Meanwhile, some of the women in the caravan have started a hunger strike to try and pressure the US government to let them in. Authorities believe that if the press will report on this, the number of participants will increase gradually.
The women claim they want the governments to expedite humanitarian visas for them, to increase the number of migrants being allowed to cross into the United States, and to halt any deportations against migrants.
"There is nothing worse than to live on the run, withstanding hunger," one of the women said in a press conference live streamed by immigrant rights group Pueblo Sin Fronteras. "We are not afraid."
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